Managing Stormwater Runoff
A National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) and State Waste Discharge Permit (Permit) has been issued by the State of Washington Department of Ecology (Ecology) to Pierce County authorizing discharges of stormwater runoff to surface waters and to groundwaters of the state from the county’s municipal separate storm sewer system (MS4).
A new permit took effect on Aug. 1, 2019 and covers the County’s stormwater discharges through July 31, 2024. A copy of the permit can be found on the Department of Ecology website here.
Pierce County, like most other Washington counties and cities, has been covered under an NPDES Municipal Phase I Stormwater Permit since 1995. The current Phase I permit requires the use of stormwater best management practices (BMPs) to reduce the discharge of pollutants to the maximum extent practicable to protect water quality.
NPDES Permit Requirements
The Municipal Phase I Permit contains comprehensive and wide-ranging requirements, including but not limited to the following elements:
- Stormwater system mapping and documentation
- Interdepartmental coordination and intragovernmental mechanisms
- Public involvement and participation
- Prevention and control of stormwater runoff impacts from new development, redevelopment and construction activities
- Watershed-scale stormwater planning
- Structural stormwater controls program to prevent or reduce impacts to waters of the state by discharges from the stormwater system
- Source control program for existing development
- An ongoing program to address illicit connections and illicit discharges into the stormwater system
- Operations and maintenance program
- Education and outreach program
The Permit requires the implementation of a Stormwater Management Program Plan (SWMP Plan). The SWMP Plan is a detailed document with a set of actions organized according to the program components. It is designed as a means to inform the public of the planned activities for the upcoming calendar year. It is updated each year and submitted with the county’s annual report to Ecology.