Costs and Funding

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Costs and Funding

Currently, we estimate an amount of approximately $100 million to improve all existing non-compliant facilities documented in the 2018 facility inventory.

Cost model
The $100 million need was calculated by using a cost model to assign estimated unit costs to each non-compliant facility in the inventory.

The model includes costs for all applicable phases of an improvement, including engineering, right-of-way acquisition and construction.

The model identifies low, mid and high impact levels to more accurately assign costs. These levels are determined by issues such as existing conditions, right-of-way acquisition or connection to adjacent infrastructure.

First, we determined unit costs based on each impact level. Then we identified the total cost by facility type and impact level.
Pedestrian push button
Pedestrian Push Buttons
Rebuild existing
Level of Impact Low High Total
Cost per push button $1,250 $6,000  
Non-Compliant (each) 188 393 581

$235,000 $2,358,000 $2,593,000
Rebuild existing
Level of Impact Low Mid High Total
Cost per linear foot $104 $124 $141  
Non-Compliant (linear feet) 581,366 22,042 11,141  614,549
  $60,462,064 $2,733,208 $1,570,881 $64,766,153
Driveway entrance
Driveway Entrances
Rebuild existing
Level of Impact Low Mid High Total
Cost per driveway entrance $3,542 $5,546 $6,420  
Non-Compliant (each) 599 493 315  1407
  $2,121,658 $2,734,178 $2,022,300 $6,878,136
Curb ramp
Curb Ramps (Existing and Missing)
Rebuild existing/Create new
Level of Impact Low Mid High Total
Cost per curb ramp $3,455 $5,170 $20,195  
Non-Compliant (each) 2586 1481 494  4561
  $8,934,630 $7,656,770 $9,976,330 $26,567,730
Funding sources

The ADA Improvement Program will use several funding sources to achieve county-wide accessibility. ADA improvements will be funded either as stand-alone projects or as a component of another road improvement project.

Potential funding sources include:

Local funding programs
County Road Fund: This primary source of transportation funding is used by Pierce County to plan, improve, maintain and operate the county road system. It is made up of the road levy portion of the property tax and a portion of the State Motor Vehicle Fuel Tax. This funding will be used for the ADA Improvement Program’s annual work.

Traffic Impact Fees: These fees are charges on new development to pay for improvements to the transportation system needed due to new development. These fees will only be used on capital improvements, which may include existing pedestrian facilities. They will not be used for stand-alone ADA projects.

Federal and State Funding Programs
We pursue a variety of grant opportunities administered by organizations such as the Washington State Transportation Improvement Board, the Washington State Department of Transportation, the Federal Highway Administration, and the Puget Sound Regional Council.